7 Tips for Preparing a Business Trip to China

December 7, 2023

a group of people walking across a bridge next to tall buildings

China's vast, intricate business landscape provides tremendous opportunities but can prove challenging for first-time visitors to navigate. While securing deals and investment partnerships is the ultimate objective, failing to acknowledge cultural customs and norms can immediately sour vital relationships. By dedicating advance preparation towards understanding Chinese business etiquette, what to expect during meetings, relevant language abilities, and logistical considerations, your efforts will be met far more receptively. To help ensure your Chinese business trip gets off on the right foot, here are critical tips across key areas to have in place leading up to your travel.

1. Research Cultural Norms and Customs

When preparing for a business trip to China, it's important to have an understanding of Chinese cultural norms and customs. This will help you avoid embarrassing mistakes and make better connections with your Chinese colleagues and partners. Some things to research include:

  • Proper greetings and introductions - There are specific cultural protocols around greetings, exchanging business cards, addressing people by their title, etc.
  • Dining etiquette - Learn the etiquette around toasting, seating arrangements, handling chopsticks, etc. This will be important for any dining with clients or partners.
  • Gift giving - Determine if gift giving is appropriate and what types of gifts are customary. Understand the meaning behind certain gifts, colors, or numbers.

2. Learn Key Phrases in Mandarin

Although many Chinese businesspeople speak English, learning a few key phrases in Mandarin demonstrates respect. It also facilitates communication if you encounter language barriers. Some helpful phrases to know include:

  • Common greetings like "nǐ hǎo" (你好,hello) and appropriate farewells
  • "Wǒ bù dǒng" (我不懂,I don't understand)
  • "Qǐng zài shuō yí biàn" (请再说一遍,Could you please repeat that?)
  • "Duìbùqǐ" (对不起,sorry) and "Xièxiè" (谢谢,thank you)

Practice the tonal pronunciations of these regularly before your trip. Consider bringing a pocket translator or translation app as well.

3. Pack Proper Business Attire

Your professional attire requirements will likely be more formal than business casual in China. Ensure you have suits, dress shirts, and ties or formal dresses packed. Check ahead of time if you will need very formal attire like morning dress code.

It can also be useful to pack an extra formal outfit or two in case an important last-minute meeting or dinner comes up. Having the right business look will demonstrate that you take meetings seriously.

4. Consider Bringing a VPN

Many common websites and apps are blocked in China, including Google, Facebook, and western news outlets. To access these while traveling for business, having a VPN (virtual private network) is almost essential.

Some of the best VPNs for China can securely bypass the firewall. Research different VPNs in advance and download one before your departure so you can access blocked content and emails. This will make keeping in touch with colleagues and preparing for meetings much easier.

5. Respect the Hierarchy

The business culture in China relies heavily on hierarchy, and demonstrating respect for your superiors is incredibly important. Make sure to acknowledge senior colleagues appropriately. Carefully observe seating orders, allowing those with seniority to enter rooms and sit down first.

You should also avoid openly challenging or contradicting someone senior during a meeting. Understanding the hierarchical relationships will go a long way towards making a good impression.

6. Be Flexible with Schedules

While it’s important to be punctual for meetings in China, you should also anticipate schedules being shifted around. Last minute time changes or unplanned meals or site visits between meetings can come up.

Try not to overschedule yourself and leave room for delays or additions. Having flexibility to adapt to changing plans will reduce frustration. Let local colleagues guide timing and arrangements.

7. Connect with a Local Partner

Partnering with a local Chinese company can be invaluable when preparing for and conducting business travels. They can provide guidance on cultural nuances, make introductions, arrange transportation, and translate if needed.

If you don’t already have established contacts, consider hiring an interpreter/guide to assist you. They can handle logistics allowing you to focus on meetings.


Thorough preparation and research before a business trip to China, alongside flexibility and cultural awareness while there, will lead to much more positive and successful outcomes. Respecting protocols and hierarchies while being adaptable demonstrates sincere interest in Chinese business relationships.


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